Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from several associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they soon fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the pattern similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to pidzame them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is due to White Ants."[ten]


Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor ordinarily incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot pidzame of people opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a drop seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.

Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now pidzame refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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